The northeast section of the United States is comprised of the states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Much of the earliest history of the United States centers around these states in which are preserved a great many old Colonial buildings, historic sites and points of interest.
New England (composed of the first six states listed above) is the most uniform and well- integrated part of the United States. Although recent population increases and industrial development have modified this generalization to a certain degree, New England has retained its individuality and way of life through the centuries.
Connecticut (the Nutmeg state) consist of rolling land with small valley areas. As in neighboring Rhode Island, the climate is fairly mild. The southern part of the state fronts on Long Island Sound; along this shore are many important cities extending from the New York State border to New Haven. Further north, the region is mostly agricultural except in the central part of the state near Hartford.
The leading products are clocks and watches, firearms, aircraft, engines, brass and copper and machinery. Agriculture and dairying, as well as fisheries, are also prominent activities.
The chief cities are Hartford (the capital), New Haven, Bridgeport, Waterbury, Stamford, New Britain, Norwalk, Meriden, West Hartford, Bristol, Greenwich, New London, Torrington, Norwich, Danbury and Ansonia. Greenwich, New Canaan, Ridgefield and Westfort have shown recent development as residental areas; many residents commute daily to New York City for work. Resort areas include Candlewood Lake, Milford and Old Lyme.